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blank Our glorious universe
blank The Sun
blank Physics of space plasma
blank Our neighbour planet Venus
blank Exploring the planet Mars
blank In Saturnís Orbit
blank Satellites in orbit
blank Space probes and manned spacecrafts
Manned spacecrafts
Apollo missions
The space shuttle
Space stations
The international space station
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blank The Earth seen from satellites
blank Satellites monitor the Earth
blank Earth Observation and GIS
blank Spin-off
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Space probes and manned spacecrafts
Space probes and manned spacecrafts Space probes are unmanned space shuttles with scientific material on board. They are intended either to pass, travel in orbit round or land on a celestial body in order to return data to the Earth.
The first human spaceflight was Vostok 1 on April 12, 1961. The Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin made one orbit around the Earth.
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Manned spacecrafts
Manned spacecrafts You have certainly on occasion dreamed of being able to fly like a bird. If so, you are not alone. The thought of being able to lift up from the surface of the Earth's ground and perhaps get a chance to travel in space has absorbed many people since the earliest times.
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Apollo missions
Apollo missionsIn order to get to the moon a compound spacecraft was needed. It was called Apollo and could accommodate three astronauts. Apollo was used in the Apollo programme that was announced in 1961 and lasted till 1972.
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The space shuttle
The space shuttleYou have certainly seen the space shuttle on TV several times. It looks like an aeroplane fastened to a large cylinder-shaped tank.
The space shuttle is a spacecraft where bearing and control surfaces give sufficient lift and steering so that it may return to the Earth, land on the runway and be reused several times.
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Space stations
Space stationsA space station is a larger, manned spacecraft constructed in order to orbit round the Earth for years. The crew and equipment of a space station are changed regularly by means of spacecraft bringing new teams to the station.
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The international space station
The international space stationThe international space station (ISS) is a large, permanently manned space station with a considerable degree of international participation. The space station is a whirling space laboratory circling in orbit round the Earth about 400 km above the surface of the Earth and at a speed of 28 000 kilometres an hour. The main purpose of the space station is to carry out research in a weightless milieu without the effect of gravity.
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Sarepta is provided by the Norwegian Centre for Space-related Education, www.narom.no
in co-operation with the Norwegian Space Centre, www.spacecentre.no.
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